Xian, Shaanxi province
Xian, China's Eternal City, is famous for its terracotta warriors which were buried with Emperor Shi Huang-di, China's first real emperor, who created the core Chinese state which would become China. Needless to say, it's an ancient city with a history of over 2,000 years. Its heyday was during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), when it was the capital. It may not ever reach those heights again, but it is still one of China's most historic cities with lots of things to see, in addition to the terracotta warriors.